2023 Guide to the Deadly Heroin Epidemic

2023 Guide to the Deadly Heroin Epidemic

What is Heroin?

Heroin is a highly addictive substance that belongs to a group of drugs called narcotics, opiates, or opioids.  Opioids are used for relieving severe pain. Heroin is naturally extracted from a plant known as opium poppy, which mostly grows in Mexico, Colombia, and South Asia. Heroin is synthesized from morphine and much more effective. Heroin is around 8.3 times more effective than morphine.9 While it is currently illegal in the US, there was a time when heroin was legal, acceptable, and medically prescribed not only for adults but also for children. So, what happened?

History of Heroin

A deep look at heroin’s history can help to better understand why it has become illegal and is strongly prohibited worldwide nowadays.

Heroin Abuse After Prescriptions

Heroin used properly is still addictive and has serious effects. Patients who were being treated developed a tolerance quickly, which made them continuously need to take increasingly higher doses, even when it was hurting them.

Even after the treatment course of heroin, the majority of patients continued to take it, even though it is not necessary medically. Patients reported experiencing serious withdrawal symptoms whenever they tried to quit, making them unable to beat the addiction.

Heroin Street Names

Being a street drug, heroin is known by many different names. It is important to know all the names so that you can clearly identify what you or a loved one are actually taking.

H

Hell Dust

The Dragon

Dr. Harry

China White

Diacetylmorphine

Diamorphine

Big H

Horse

Hammer

Black Tar

Homebake

Poison

Morphine Diacetate

Junk

Dope

Smack

Harry

White Dynamite

Gear

Chinese H

How is Heroin Used

As a street drug, dealers sell heroin in many different forms to make it easy to use and increasing its demand, e.g., white powder; brown powder; and a black, sticky substance known as black tar heroin.

Heroin is commonly taken as follows:

Myths and Misconceptions About Heroin

Heroin is Too Expensive for Kids to Get

One of the most common misconceptions about heroin is that it is too expensive for kids to get. Actually, children from ages 12 and up are part of the 652,000 Americans who used heroin in 2017.10 The majority of teens taking it tend to buy a certain type that is only snorted, which is much cheaper to manufacture and sell.

Prescription Opioids Don’t Cause Addiction

Even is prescribed Opioids can become addictive.  Once you are hooked to the prescription, it is much easier to start using illegal heroin.

People Take Heroin Because They Don’t Have Morals

Heroin abuse is not directly related to morals. People from all cultural and religious backgrounds are likely to develop addiction.  Often, addiction starts by accident, not by choice.

Only Impaired People Use Heroin

It is true that some people with impaired judgment become addicted; that is not the case for all heroin users.  Many users are highly-educated people whose judgment is not impaired.

Heroin is Only Common in the Poor and Big Cities

Heroin usage is common in all people, including in women, high-income classes, big cities, and rural areas as well.

Recovery From Addiction is Rare

Some misconceptions cause more pain than others, such as thinking that heroin recovery is impossible or rare.  High mortality rates lead people to believe that an addict would get treatment if treatment worked.  That is not the case many people recover from heroin safely and successfully with medical treatment.

What Causes Heroin Addiction?

Three Leading Causes of Addiction

Using Opioids for Recreational Purposes

Mental Health
Problems

Using Prescription
Opioids

According to NBC Universal & World report, every day, 650,000 opioid prescriptions are being dispensed. 3,900 Americans start using opioids for non-medical purposes and 580 Americans start using heroin.

Opioid medications are prescribed to relieve pain, namely Oxycontin®, Vicodin®, Fentanyl®, and Demerol®. In many cases, opioid medications are misused for their mood-changing effects, which can lead to abuse.15

Thinking that prescription opioids are not as risky as illicit drugs make some people take analgesic opioids more than they should, mistakenly assuming they are safe.

Prescription opioids are sometimes taken by persons other than those for whom they are prescribed, thinking that they are just analgesics. This results in opioid side effects, including dependence and overdose.

Opioid dependence and addiction causes some people to switch to heroin because compared to prescription opioids, it is cheaper and easier to get.

Heroin Addiction Symptoms and Effects

Once heroin has been administered, it binds to certain receptors in the brain known as opioid receptors. This is how it relieves pain, affects pleasure, heart rate regulation, sleeping, and breathing.

Heroin affects people differently, based largely on how it was taken; e.g., mixing fentanyl and heroin is dangerous; but affects are also based individual factors, such as age, weight, health status, and dosage.

Short-Term Effects

Heroin short term effects refer to the symptoms noticed on those who take heroin only once, a few times, or for a short duration. Within 3 to 5 hours after administration, you may notice one or more of the effects below:

Desirable Effects

Quick pain
relief

Feeling a rush or high 
(euphoria)